Tommy Shaw, of Atlanta, one
of our better fishermen, likes to
catch yellow perch. He has the
best luck in the fall months
when the perch are deep. As
shown in the picture, they are
beautiful fish and Tommy rates
them with the best for table use.
Along the Oconee and Alta-
maha Rivers, Eddie Pollett of
Uvalda, is operating some 30
legal fish baskets. In the boat
with Eddie, are Pat Wolf and
his dad, H. S. Wolf, who just
wanted to see rough fish control
work in action. Eddie has plenty
of know-how and has been get-
ting his share of catfish, carp,
9* 7ku $mm
Game and Fish Partnership 2
Fishing Prosperity 3
Why take creel census 4
Trout are Aristocrats 5
The Assassin 7
Wilderness Survival 8-9
Lamprey Eels 11
Big Coastal Pass 13
Rough Fish 14-15
Drownproof Yourself 17
Reciprocal Agreement 21
Meet the Chiefs 25
Game and Fish "PARTNERSHIP"
By FULTON LOVELL, Director
Game and Fish Commission
1/ATURE and Georgia are in a game and fish partnership that we
if like to think of as unsurpassed. Our appraisal and inventory has
given us a proper perspective of what we really possess. Some years
ago, there was talk of empty, Ashless streams and forest bare of
wildlife. Such talk today is rarely heard.
It has been said our quail are
slowly vanishing to a point of
possible extinction. Yet our last
hunting season proved this
statement without merit and
completely false. It was generally
agreed that Georgia had the
greatest quail season in the his-
tory of the state.
Your Game and Fish Commis-
sion has been vigilant in keeping
tab on all species of wildlife. It
has been our objective to main-
tain a healthy game and fish pro-
gram. Long ago we recognized
man's efforts to grow a wildlife
crop as futile. Only Nature can
do the job of replenishing the
renewable resources of game and
fish. Our vital contribution has
been and will continue to be an
act of lending Nature a helping
hand when it is needed.
It is a simple matter of arith-
metic. One cow would perhaps
thrive on an acre of fertile land
but 6 cows on this same acre
probably would starve. Wildlife must have food. Fish too.
Our assistance to Nature then has been concentrated in a serious
effort to provide adequate food and cover.
Our skilled game technicians deserve much credit for our hunt-
ing successes. They seem to have a compelling thirst for more
knowledge and research that will bring about better wildlife condi-
tions. They carry on a never ending program of restocking, so
successful that we now have deer in almost every section of the state.
In areas where wild turkeys disappeared years ago, the restocking
program has brought them back. The wild turkey population is
satisfactory in face of ever increasing hunting pressure. Our com-
petent game technicians are an investment in insurance for a sur-
plus crop of wildlife for the hunter to harvest and a comfort in the
knowledge that an ample seed stock will remain.
The Game and Fish Commission is encouraged by the way
our efficient fisheries biologists have brought calm out of chaotic
fishing conditions. These trained, highly skilled experts rolled up
their sleeves and went to work. They have the staggering problem
of re-establishing good fishing in thousands of privately owned lakes
(Continued on Page 22)
Director, Game and Fish Commission
GEORGIA GAME AND FISH
J. L. Stearns, Editor
Bill Atkinson, Associate Editor
Vol. 5, No. 1
Published by the Georgia Game and Fish Commission, 112 State Capitol, Atlanta. Georgia in the interest of Georgia wildlife ami fur fishermen, hunt-
ers, nature lovers and conservation of natural resources. There Is no subscription fee this publication is free and Is paid fur by the purchase of
fishing and hunting licenses. Please notify us at once of any change of address. Contents of this magazine may he reprinted with proper credit.
Tills publication welcomes pictures, drawings, stories and articles dealing with outdoor subjects for consideration. No contributions will be returned
unless solicited by authorized party representing (Jame & Fish Commission and accompanied by sufficient postage. Kntered as third class postage.
Outdoor Sportsmen Spend
$25 Million Dollars a Day
New Lakes Attract
Yet to Come
^ILONG about this time of year
ri there are just two kinds of
people in Georgia. Those who
have gone fishing, and those who
are going. Within the past three
years, fishermen in this state
have tripled in numbers and the
count includes more women and
youngsters than ever before in
history. In the future, the pro-
blem will be to find somebody
who doesn't fish.
Without taking a thing away
from the highly publicized
sports such as football, baseball,
etc., — all of them could be pack-
aged up and absorbed into the
Number One sport — fishing —
and the bulge would hardly
show. Some sports pages crowd
out and play down hunting and
fishing. Many newspapers rec-
ognize the value of outdoor
news and give it a high priority.
During the football season, the
outdoor sportsman is often
shown the back door so that
more space can be given gridiron
activities. But, compared to
hunting, the Number Two sport
in America, football would be
like entering a lame jackass in
the Kentucky Derby.
Let's view, with a clear mind,
some facts. There are four major
magazines published monthly on
hunting and fishing. Every state
turns out hunting and fishing
magazines and there are count-
less others devoted exclusively
to the subject. What other sport
gets this attention?
Fishermen are not numbered
among those who are always
content to buy a ticket and
watch somebody else partici-
pate in competitive sports. He
prefers to get into the act and
does. Proof of the popularity of
hunting and fishing is wrapped
up in the statistics that Ameri-
can sportsmen spend $25,000,000
per day — the year around. A
million dollar gate in boxing still
is a sensational classic with
months of newspaper, TV, and
Clark Hill waters alone will be
visited this year by an estimated
200,000 anglers. Allatoona, on a
good week-end, will entertain
from 2,000 to 3,000 fishermen.
The new Sinclair Lake will get
special attention from thou-
sands, Blue Ridge, Burton, Nott-
ley, Chatuge, Jackson, Rabun,
Blackshear, and the Jim Wood-
ruff Lake (they back up water
this year) will not suffer for the
want of fishermen. This is just
partial coverage of our big
lakes. Then too, there are some
28,000 lakes and ponds, many
of them privately owned. The
trout streams will be choked with
anglers as usual. Salt water
(Continued on Page 22)
Bob Singleton (left) and Cecil McClure, of Clayton, have evidence of tackle bustin' Lake
Burton bass. Lake Burton is being "discovered" every day. Hundreds of fishermen say it is
the best fishing water in the nation. Where else can you catch whopping bass, fighting
rainbows, five pounds or more, crappie, white bass, bream, yellow perch, catfish, all in one lake?
You name it — chances are — it's in this marvelous lake.
By Fred J. Dickson
Chief, Fish Management
MIRY take a creel census? A
* creel census to fishing is
comparable to an inventory on
the stock of goods by merchants.
It reveals the kind, number, and
size of fish taken by anglers.
From these reports, the fisher-
ies biologist may determine, for
example, whether or not our
mountain trout streams are pro-
ducing good catches to the satis-
faction of the ever increasing
number of fishermen.
While some of the figures may
seem unimportant or irrelevant,
the biologist gets much vital in-
formation from the check-up
showing the number of fish
caught per hour of efforts, or
perhaps per full day of effort.
The number of fish caught can
determine, in the report of a
skilled fisheries manager, just
how much fishing pressure is be-
ing put on practically any body of
water, and what percent of the
game fish are removed. With
this information, the hatchery
division better understands how
much restocking is necessary
Without the cooperation of
the fishermen, a creel census
This also goes with fly fishing. There is always a twig, vine or leaf to snag a fly. This
Wildcat Creek angler untangles his lure before working a pool below a waterfall.
ness of various restocking
needs ; type of baits or lures ;
time of day fish caught ; and the
meteorological conditions at the
time when the angler was most
successful. Later, fishermen will
have all of this worthwhile
knowledge upon request. We
shall determine if a small per-
centage of the fishermen are
catching a very large percentage
of all the fish.
Warm water streams and
lakes do not need restocking
since warm water species poss-
ess the natural reproductive
ActMiif tepctt helpJ expert* plan future
program is impossible. In the
final analysis, all information
assembled is for the benefit and
enlightenment of the fisherman
on what he can can expect for his
fishing efforts. Biologists assign-
ed to the job have highly compli-
mented our fishermen for their
willingness to provide statistics.
Soon we may have a comparison
of the different north Georgia
streams. We are of the opinion
that some of them are under-
fished while others have entire-
ly too much fishing pressure.
This year we hope our creel
census will tell us when and how
many fish to restock; effective-
powers to maintain the number
and weight that the stream will
support. However, there will be
a creel census conducted this
year on parts of the Oconee,
Ocmulgee, and Altamaha Rivers
and on the Allatoona Reservoir
mainly to fird out what percent
of the game fish are caught. We
are especially interested in find-
ing out what percent of the rough
fish are removed, and the extent
the rough fish reduction im-
proves sport fishing.
Various species of fish will be,
or already have been, tagged and
released in the above mentioned
rivers and reservoirs. When
fishing these waters, be sure to
look carefully for these tags.
Prizes are offered for the return
of all tags.
From the tags we will better
understand such things as
concerns migration, average
size, weight, age, general condi-
tions, and the percent of game
fish removed. We sincerely
hope each fisherman will co-
operate wholeheartedly with the
creel census clerk, as a good
creel census is one of the tools
of fish management that will
show in facts and figures if a
modification of management
practices is needed.
Beautiful Noontootly rushes by and this
fisherman is slipping a black gnat (behind
a spinner) into the dark recesses under
overhanging vegetation. It's a hideout of
big trout. Reports from these men will help
make the creel census a big success.
JcING Crosby was asked to comment on the great-
"^ est thrill of his life and without hesitation
named — not golf as would be expected but fly
fishing for trout. He explained it was the rise
of the trout to a dry fly, the explosion, the swirls
or splashes in the sparkling, rippling waters of
a mountain stream that caused his pulse to quick-
en and the tingle we call a thrill to race through
Georgia has thousands of anglers, who feel the
same way about it. The fly rod is a thing of beauty
in the hands of a sportsman who knows how to use
it. Some call it the post graduate degree of fishing.
Georgia surely must rate among the top states in
the nation for its number of skillful anglers. Some
of them can drop a dry or wet fly on a dime at
thirty paces and get a nickel change.
Why are so many people interested in trout?
Perhaps the determining factors are many. No
question about it, the trout family went swimming
off with all the honors when it came to beauty.
The colors of a rainbow trout — well, who has ever
seen an unattractive or colorless rainbow. The
name "rainbow" was perfect. One look at a rain-
bow just lifted out of the water is a sight you
can't forget. The brown trout too has its flare for
color with those fire-ball red dots. Brook trout,
under good conditions, sparkle like a rare gem.
Trout are the aristocrats of all fresh water fish.
They dwell only in the purest of water, cold and
unpolluted. But the mortality is high. This being
true, all men who catch trout have ample reason
to be proud of their catch.
Trout are reasonably fertile; the female pro-
(Continued on Page 22)
Brand new life! These greatly enlarged photos taken by Jack Dermld show rcinbows getting their first peek at this big old world. In the
top picture, you see rainbow trout actually hatching from eggs. Look carefully. Watch them tumble out head first, tail first, or almost at
once from the slit in the egg case. The eyes of troutdom are upon you! Note the eyes of unhatched fish showing through egg cases.
Below, they are 24 hours of age now and as active as jello in an earthquake. There is scarcely any resemblance between these baby rainbows
and the flashing, fighting adults they soon will grow to be.
START EM YOUNG
(1) Just a few more lessons and dads will be omazed to find their
youngsters talking about tapered lines, nylon gears end light action
rods. Here is how future fishing experts are made. Bill Curry, (left)
conducts one of his annual classes on the roof of a large department
store. (2) — George Pendley, of Atlanta, shows a couple of good reasons
why he likes to fish. He snapped these bass to attention with
spinning equipment. (3) J. T. Shealy, (left) and Benny Johnson, of
Savannah checked out this excellent shad catch in the Ogeechee
River. Their wives were along to share in the trolling fun. (4) W. R.
Meroney, of Warner Robins, hod the fishing thrill of his life with
this 8 ' 2 pound bass caught in Lake Joy near Perry. His 3-year-old
daughter Carolyn Lee proudly took charge. (5) Dan Wainwright and
Bob Rowell, of Nahunta, visited the Sotilla River for 12 Bass — the
big one weighed 8 pounds.
A C C A . .
Rrmor-Plated Car Slaughters Came Fish
^ILENTLY it glides near the
«5 water's surface. Suddenly
there is a flash, a swirl and
another small fish joins the long
list of victims of the fresh water
assassin, the killer gar.
These elongated savages are
every inch a killer ranging from
the size of a pencil on up to the
200 pounders. Their long rows
of sharp, needle-like teeth can
deliver a quick, lethal blow to a
game fish that might in a split-
second of carelessness be off
Gars are without fear. They
are like well armored sub-
marines, cruising about on the
prowl for new victims. All small
fish instinctively drift off to
cover and give the gar plenty of
passing room. Since the gar is
relatively slow, it is a first class
"sucker" and "duck-soup" for
the cruel, crushing jaws of an
alligator. But that's the way it
is in the aquatic kingdom of
fishes — eat and be eaten. The end
is never far away.
You wouldn't say the gar is
scarce in Georgia. In fact, we
seem to have slightly more than
our share. At present, we can do
little about this impudent crea-
ture which has come down
through the ages to claim fame
for his species as one of the
oldest forms of fish life. Our
brand new rough fish control
laws do not provide us with the
weapons to declare war on this
marauder. When the rough
fish program proves its merit
beyond question, our biologists
then will ask the legislature to
legalize the necessary tools to
halt the widespread depreda-
tions of the gar. Meanwhile, he
will continue his free course of
action and fatten up on a diet
of game fish.
Where it regards eating gar,
many fishermen sum it up thus-
ly, "Ugh !" Others say the meat
is delicious if properly flavored
even if nobody has ever turned
up with a recipe for that flavor-
ing. There has been talk about
garburgers — whatever that is.
There are a few of our fisher-
men who seek to satisfy a burn-
ing desire for thrills, adventure
and excitement by fishing for
gar. They use a wire noose that
clamps tightly over that ugly
extended snout. They also bait a
hook with meat, let the gar hit
it and take it away. They give
him time to munch on this tid-
bit before they lunge back and
set the hook. This is the time
when Mr. Gar goes berserk, boils
the water, performs acrobatics
and puts on a great show. It's a
guaranteed fishing thrill to hook
and land a gar. Try it.
(1) — Those saw teeth of this long-nose gar can be sudden death
to small fish. The alligator gar is said to have two rows of teeth.
(2) Roe shown in front had skin peeled off. Note the thousands of
eggs that might have added a heavy population of small gar (rough
fish) to otherwise good fishing waters. Wonder how many small bass
and bream were gobbled up in the development of all those eggs.
It is reported, these eggs are toxic and if fed to a chicken — the
chicken will die. Roe shown in the background is still covered by
skin. The roe contents of two gar is displayed. These excellent
pictures by Joe Medcolf, of Thomaston.
By Crawford F. Barnett, M. D.
/T can happen to you, the wrong
trail, a missed landmark and
you are on your own ; lost ! That
surge of panic can be fatal, so
be prepared before it happens,
with the all important "Know
How." With this and a clear
head, barring physical injury,
you actually are only tempor-
arily out of touch — never lost.
In planning a trip into unfam-
iliar territory, check with the
weatherman, study your map,
and above all else, tell some
responsible person where you
L. C. Powers, of Madison, discovers the sod truth. He's lost!
BE READY FOR
—TRAGEDY, PANIC UNNECESSARY
If you are physically fit,
dressed and equipped for a pos-
sible emergency; if you know
simple fundamental woodcraft
principles and can, to some ex-
tent, apply them, your misad-
venture, while perhaps, embar-
rassing, need not be a tragedy.
Make it your business to know
what can be used for food and
where to look for it. You should
know how to care for your body,
how to conserve energy, where
to sleep, how to find or prepare
shelter, and what things can
A check list of equipment is
invaluable, otherwise, many use-
ful items may be overlooked.
Prepare yourself actually to sur-
vive should the need arise. The
list of useful equipment is end-
less but a few things should be
"musts": — a small first aid kit,
matches, (and they can be dipp-
ed in wax to waterproof) , a good
knife, a little card with fish-
hooks in it may be carried safe-
ly in the bill-folder with some
strong fishing line. Some hard
candy or a chocolate bar can be
the difference between misery
and comfort. Mole skin adhesive
for blistering feet, a pencil, a
flashlight in a waterproof con-
tainer, and, last of all, a com-
pass. These items will fit com-
fortably in your pockets.
The four cornerstones of sur-
vival are: (1) Think before
acting, (2) Food, (3) Shelter,
(4) Water. With these, wilder-
ness survival is a certainty.
Sit down and think your pro-
blem through — weigh carefully
in your mind whether you
should try to find your way back
or whether you should "sit
tight" and wait for help. This is
your most important decision so
take your time about making it.
Just how to evaluate how lost
you really are, of course, depends
on many things such as time,
weather, distance, your famil-
iarity with the locality and how
you happened to be lost, plus the
possibility of rescue attempts.
If there is real doubt as to which
course of action to follow, you
won't regret swallowing your
chagrin and embarrassment in
If, after careful thought, you
are certain you can find your
way back to civilization, first
mark your location with broken
branches, rocks, or with what-
ever material available, then set
your course by selecting a prom-
inent landmark in the desired
direction of travel that can be
seen en route. Relate the posi-
tion of the sun to yourself and
distant landmarks. As you ap-
proach this landmark, line up
another farther away.
Streams, ridges, trees, bluffs
will generally guide you in open
country. It is well to remember
that most individuals are right-
legged just as they are right-
handed, and so tend to take a
longer step with the right leg
with the result that they walk
in a circle to the left or counter-
clockwise. Continue marking
your trail as you go, always
looking for familiar landmarks.
Climbing a tall tree may aid in
this. If you find a stream, creek
or river, follow it either up or
down until you find a path,
which may lead you to some-
one or possibly some house. At
a fork take the most traveled
Don't travel at night in
strange wooded country except
in an emergency. In open coun-
try it may be the only time to
travel. A light should be used
at night only to read a map or
compass or in particularly rough
or dangerous spots. Your eyes
will adjust to darkness in a
short time, while with a light
you are blinded to everything
outside the small area of illum-
ination. Traveling on a ridge
is often easier than hiking in a
valley or along a stream. Vege-
tation is usually less dense, the
ridge itself serves as a guide,
outlooks are frequent, and there
will be few streams or swamps
In the event you decide to "sit
tight" and await help, start
searching for food and water be-
fore you become too tired or
exhausted to do so effectively.
Make camp before darkness.
Our lost fisherman has the right idea. Sit down and think it over. It is the trademark
of a good outdoorsman, the kind that never fail to get back home rich in experience and
delighted with the thrill of a pleasant adventure.
it is winter, gather twice as
much as you think you will need.
To signal, add green or wet
leaves or grass to a fire. The
more smoke, the quicker your
chance of being located. In ex-
tremely cold weather, build sev-
1J4e landmark A > Atreanti to fih4 uaif back
Fallen trees, caves, cliffs, and
boughs, will provide shelter. Get
out of the wind or rain if pos-
sible. Don't move your cam])
unless you have to since your
ehances of being found are much
better if you "stay put."
Gather wood for a fire and if
eral fires, burn one to hot ashes,
scrape them away and you have
a hot bed to sleep on for hours.
You will be reasonably comfort-
able instead of numbed by the
cold. Repeat the procedure as
necessary. Should you be
drenched ir. an icy stream, build
a large fire, then strip to the
skin and dry your clothes while
nude. Otherwise, the evapora-
tion from wet clothes on the
body while drying before the
fire will seriously or even fatally
lower the body temperature.
Emergency food is usually
abundant if you are smart
enough to forget your civilized
eating habits. Any animal in
the temperate zone is edible in-
cluding mice, snakes, snails, liz-
zards, worms, bugs, fish, tad-
poles, salamanders, bats, frogs,
toads, turtles, clams, mussels.
crayfish, crabs, shrimp, ants.
termites, grasshoppers, locusts,
(Continued on Pace 23)
(1) — Mrs. Frank Spooner, (left) of Iron City, looks approvingly
at the string of fish her grandson, Jim holds up. Mrs. Grady Richard-
son, of Donalsonville, helped catch this string of Flint River scrappers.
(2) — This is the type of picture to make an angler's heart skip a beat.
Clyde Huffman, of Blue Ridge, leads a ra ; nbow to net in beautiful
Jack's River. (3) — Little lady, you've had a busy day. She is Mary
Jane Miller, of Decatur with a catch from Mrs. Harrison's Lake just
off Redan Road. (4) — David Dalie, robust Okefenokee Swamp Park
naturalist, hopefully works a lure through the dark waters of a
swamp channel. These canals are loaded with bowfin, an undesirable
fish which lecves much to be desired for eating but capable of fight-
ing back with the best of them. The beauty of the Okefenokee swamp
is still unsurpassed.
Lamprey Invasion No Cause for Alarm
A/fOST of us first heard of
lf[ these strange lamprey
creatures when they appeared in
tremendous numbers in the
Great Lakes. The Great Lakes
lamprey invasion assumed con-
siderable economic importance
when it became apparent that
these parasitic fishes were
responsible for the decline of
valuable commercial fisheries of
those bodies of water. Reports
of lampreys in Georgia waters
have received widespread atten-
tion. It is only natural, that our
fishermen should be alarmed by
these reports. Much of this
alarm seems unwarranted.
Superficially they resemble an
eel, but close examination of
characteristics will distinguish
lampreys, not only from eels,
but all other fishes.
The unusual lamprey mouth
is in line with its peculiar feed-
ing habits. Most lampreys are
parasitic on other fishes. A
lamprey can attach itself to the
side of a fish with this suction-
cup mouth and proceed to rasp
away at the skin and scales of
the victim with its tongue and
teeth. From the wound thus
made the lamprey draws the
fish's blood for food.
Another unusual lamprey fea-
ture is its set of gills. The gills
of other fishes are located un-
der a gill cover but the lamp-
rey has a series of muscular
pouches containing gills. These
pouches open to the outside
separately by seven porthole-
like openings on each side of the
body just behind the head.
The life histories of various
lampreys are unusual. Practic-
ally all lampreys ascend small,
gravelly streams in the spring
to spawn. Like our West Coast
salmon they spawn only once,
then die. They may spawn as
pairs or groups of individuals.
Both males and females partici-
pate in building a "nest" which
is a shallow depression on a
By Dr. Donald C. Scott
gravelly riffle. Stones are often
picked up by mouth and moved
from the nest area while smaller
materials are swept out of the
nest by the vigorous fanning
The female attaches herself
by her mouth to a stone at the
upstream edge of nest. The
male then attaches himself by
mouth to the body of the female
and curls around the female.
The vents are thus brought close
together so that the eggs are
fertilized upon release. The eggs,
being sticky, pick up sand grains
stirred up by the activities of
the spawning pair. Thus weight-
ed, the eggs fall into the nest
and come to rest in the gravel.
Within a few weeks, the young
hatch out and are swept down-
stream by the current.
Once in a quiet backwater they
burrow into the muddy bottom.
The young lamprey is a blind,
worm-like creature with a fun-
nel shaped mouth. From its bur-
row it obtains food by straining
tiny plants and animals from
the mud and water. After sever-
al years of this blind, mud-
dwelling existence, the young
lamprey develops functional
eyes, disc-like mouth and the
olive or grey adult coloration.
There are three general types:
the sea lamprey, the freshwater
parasitic lamprey, and the brook
Sea lampreys emerging from
their mud bank home of four or
five years, move downstream to
the ocean or some large body of
fresh water. Here they take up
a parasitic existence and grow
at the expense of other fishes
until they reach sexual matur-
ity, a matter of one or two
years. Then they ascend streams,
spawn and die on the riffles as
their parents did five or six
These lampreys move down-
stream to large rivers where
they feed on other fish until they
reach maturity then return to
the riffles of a tributary stream
where they also spawn and die.
Unlike other lampreys, the
brook lampreys are never para-
sitic. They do not feed at all
after emerging from the mud
but simply move upstream to a
suitable riffle to complete their
life cycle with spawning and
All three of the above men-
tioned lampreys have been
taken in Georgia.
No specimens of the sea lamp-
(Continued on Page 20)
Attached to the side of the jar, this lam-
prey shows how it would look on a fish
Note row of muscular pouches along side of
body which incloses the gills.
- .^v v *
(1) — You've heard about the time when
the fish struck as fast as you could get a
baited hook in the water? — Well, this was
one of those times. It was in the Frederica
River near Brunswick. J. Roy Duggan holds
up the big channel bass to be admired by
his fishing partners, Jack and Jean Hice, all
of St. Simons. They teamed up to catch 217
trout and bass. Who needs a better recom-
mendation for Georgia salt water fishing? (2)
— -State patrol boat cruising off Cumberland
Island. (3) — Mama loggerhead has had a
rough day. She has just deposited over 150
eggs in the sand on an island off the coast
of Brunswick and is headed back to water.
She will weigh something over 200 pounds.
(4) — Fiddler crabs everywhere and they make
CcaMal Water* Give u P Rty SaU
JUST 16 REDS
yALT water fishermen are as
plentiful in Georgia as ants
at a picnic. It is amusing to see
some of them hot-foot it great
distances across the state line in
search of the big spots (reds or
channel bass) and speckled
According to Wm. Penn
Waller of Savanah, they are just
running away from some of the
best fishing on earth, right along
the Georgia coast. Waller ought
to know. Last October near Gay-
nors Banks, he and his three
companions had to quit after
catching 16 that weighed over
500 pounds. The boat was load-
Then in November, Waller's
party went back to catch 23 bass
that weighed over 700 pounds
and left the fish still biting. The
average was 32 pounds or more
per bass. Almost any three of
them would send the scales danc-
ing around the 100 pound mark.
Don't believe it? — O. K., look
at the top picture. There hang
23 of the prettiest salt water bass
you'll ever cast your peepers
over. That's what our Georgia
anglers are running madly to
other states to find.
There are times when lady
luck just won't smile, but oc-
casionally she will laugh out
loud if you are willing to take
a chance. Shortly before day-
break one morning at St. Simons,
Bill Cullens (left) and Bob Kent
(picture number 2) faced a pro-
blem. The winds were whipping
and lashing around the Marina.
Dark clouds above and the gen-
eral weather outlook was for one
of those days when anglers are
least likely to succeed.
They decided to set caution
aside and risk it. Off they went
down the Hampton River and
when the sun slipped up over
the marsh, Bill and Bob were
catching bass and trout and
having a great time. It is by no
means the biggest haul they
have ever had but considering
how it all started — it was a
wonderful day. That big bass
Bob is holding was a 9 pounder.
What do these fellows think of
our coastal fishing? Both agree,
In picture number 3, Mrs. L.
S. Miller of Brunswick and Mrs.
C. L. Cannon of Macon hold a
wonderful food fish known as
"Tripletail" or Eddy fish. If you
are an impatient angler, you'll
like the Eddy fish. You can pull
up to a buoy, drop your bait and
if the "Triple-tail" is going to
bite, it doesn't waste much time.
It just adds up to some great
fishing along the Georgia coast.
Stick around and enjoy it.
Jsz a a h 1/1/ a if on «J aid —
"What would a blind man
give to see the pleasant
rivers, the meadows, the
flowers, the glory of the sun
and the many blessings
which we enjoy each day —
and too often forget to
praise God for them."
Jull Scale Attack on
^HIS rough fish control program is not only a
/ challenge but also somewhat of a mystery to
thousands of legal basket operators.
The challenge to trap manipulators is to take out
enough rough fish so that bream, bass and other
sport fish will show a progressive trend in new
populations. This, the biologists assure us, will be
done. Their faith is deep-rooted in an estimate of
between 8,000 and 10,000 legal baskets in opera-
tion before the year is out. They figure basket
fishermen will be taking 5,000 pounds of rough
fish, or more, every day. The optimistic predic-
tions are that we soon will begin to catch bigger
bass and bream.
The mystery involves fishermen who work their
baskets every 48 hours, reducing this to 24 hours
when runs are high. Their traps produce an
average of 5 pounds of fish each — day after
day. Occasionally they get more, often they get
less, but the mystery is — where do all these fish
come from? The supply seems inexhaustible.
Opening day for legal baskets was April 1st
when about 2,000 traps went down into our
waters. For the first time in Georgia history we
began to fight back against rampaging, destruc-
tive, over-populated rough fish.
The catch is mostly catfish. Catfish is in demand
bringing 40c per pound, 45c dressed and for 50c
you can pick them out. A few of the men operating
25 to 50 baskets could have $50 to $100 days. Some
of them are saying, "Better enjoy these good
times. Won't be long before we get all the fish."
The fact-finders know better. They insist the
runs will continue unabated with more and larger
fish getting caught as time goes by. They also
say basket operations will take only a modest
percentage of the available fish.
We chatted with Otho May, State fisheries
biologist and rough fish project leader, as we
drifted down the Altamaha River watching some
of the boys pull up their baskets. Otho has been
operating baskets for the State Game and Fish
Commission for a long time on the Oconee and
other rivers in an experiment which proved the
rough fish program sound and worthy.
"Could they possibly chop down these rough
fish to a dangerous low?" Otho was asked. For a
moment he was silent and pensive. With a sudden
sweep of his hand, he declared, "take this river
for example. It's big, long and loaded with rough
fish. We will average far less than one basket per
mile. If we had a dozen baskets per mile, there
would still be a constant supply of millions of un-
We asked Otho to throw more light on the
subject. He did.
"When the boys really start producing, the price
of catfish probably will drop. The urgent need
right now is for an educational program to teach
people how to operate baskets.
"The mouth of any basket should face down
stream. Feeding fish usually swim up stream and
too — the trap doesn't fill up with trash. Basket
(Continued on Page 22)
(D— Fdd;'e Pollet of Uvalda shows Pat Wolf the new legal fish
basket. His arm is extended through first funnel and touches trap
door of second opening. It is this little door that keeps game fish
out. Johnny Williams, Hazelhurst, an Oconee River fisherman, looks
on. (2) Eddie and his helpers, Pat Wolf in fro t and H. S. Wolf in
center, start out to check baskets. Wildlife Ranger Chief Mallory
Hatchett, in second boat with L. C. Fulford, goes along to see that
baskets meet specifications. (3) Hooks on his line contact and lift
wire that leads to basket. (4) Fish are deposited into large tub.
Rangers check up. (5) Eddie operates 30 baskets scattered in Oconee,
Ocmulgee, and Altamaha Rivers. The average catch per basket is 5
pounds. (6) A few suckers, carp and the rest are blue channel catfish.
(7) Otho May, (left) state biologist, takes Carlton Morrison, At'anta
radio broadcaster, to interview rough fish operators with on-the-spot
recordings '8) Ranger J Clark, (left) checks with John Hcarn, of
Lumber City who likes to catch his catfish on a trot line.
Effective April 1, 1954, and con-
tinuing- in force until changed by law
or proclamation, all of the fresh
water streams, lakes, and ponds of
Georgia will be open to legal fishing
throughout the year with the follow-
Exception: The trout streams of
the following 12 mountain counties —
Dawson, Fannin, Gilmer, Habersham,
Lumpkin, Murray, Pickens, Rabun,
Stephens, Towns, Union and White.
Fishing in these waters is prohibited
from November 15 through March 31,
inclusive, each year. This regulation
shall apply from the head to the
mouth of said streams, and the mouth
of those streams which flow into a
lake shall be considered at the point
where the stream reaches the body of
the lake regardless of its level.
There is no closed season on taking
shad fish with rod and reel, fly rod,
or pole and line. The daily limit shall
be eight fish per person. Shad fish
taken by the above methods cannot be
sold. This covers all species of shad
fish including what is commonly
known as white shad and hickory
The restrictions and limitations upon
the taking of fish in this State shall
be as follows:
Rock fish or
striped bass 10 in one day
black bass 10 in one day
black bass 10 in one day
Rock bass 10 in one day
White bass 10 in one day
Red-eye bass 10 in one day
Bream 35 in one day
I'erch 35 in one day
Crappie 25 in one day
Eastern Pickerel or
Jack 15 in one day
Wall-eyed Pike 3 in one day
Muskelunge 2 in one day
Brook Trout 10 in one day
Rainbow Trout 10 in one day
Brown Trout 10 in one day
Red Breast Perch __25inoneday
Shad 8 in one day
No person may take from that por-
tion of the waters of Clark Hill Res-
ervoir of this State or have in his
possession any Bass fish of less than
8 inches in length measured from the
tip of his nose to the fork of his tail.
It shall be unlawful for any person
to possess at any one time more than
45 fish in the aggregate of all species
named; and provided that no more
than 10 Ba^-s of any and all species
in the aggregate can be taken in any
one day; provided that no more than
10 Trout of any or all species in the
aggregate can be taken in one day.
Game and Fish Commission
412 State Capitol
HERMAN E. TALMADGE, Governor
The Commission is a constitutional body, responsible only to the Legislature and
Eleven in number — one from each Congressional District — the members of the
Commission are appointed by the Governor for staggered terms of seven years and
the Commission in turn appoints the director.
The present Commissioners are:
Leonard Bassford, 10th District
J. O. Bowen, 5th Dist. J. D. Pope, 4th Dist.
Vice-Chairman Ben T. Rawuns, 6th Dist.
Cason Calloway, Jr., 3rd Dist. Bill Austin, 7th Dist.
James F. Darby, Jr.. 1st Dist.
Richard Tift, 2nd Dist.
Alva J. Hopkins, Jr., 8th Dist.
Fred C. Jones, 9th Dist.
Fred D. Beasley, Coastal
Fulton Lovell, Director
W. H. Hodges, Enforcement Fred Dickson, Fish Management
Jack Crockford, Game Manage- C. C James, Hatcheries
merit David Gould, Coastal Fisheries
Tom Sanders. License Division
J. L. Stearns. Information and Education
The heads of the various divisions and all employees are appointed by the
Director on the approval of the Commission. The Director is a bonded state official
and directs the entire program, which is established, and ways and means approved
for its operation, by the Board of Commissioners at regular meetings.
€<s( kc44 hirecU
hrtoe ch pcllutbh
Georgia's great conservation-
ist, Ed Dodd, creator of Mark
Trail, served in March for the
third time as chairman of the
National Wildlife Week. The
principle purpose of Wildlife
Week was to bring Americans up
to date on the great threats to
our streams and impoundments
from sources of pollution, and
the dissemination of informa-
tion of proposed anti-pollution
laws. The conservation special-
ists plan to keep pollution and
its many problems in front of
the public as a major project for
the year 1954. Efforts were
planned to encourage many
states to tighten up on loose
Legal residents 65 years old eligible for
free hunting and fishing license.
For fishing in home county (pole, line and
worms), no license required.
Residents under 16 years of age (state),
no fishing or hunting license required.
State resident combination hunting and
fishing license, $1.25.
State non-resident fishing license (annual),
State non-resident fishing license (10
State non-resident fishing license (3 day),
State resident commercial fishing license,
Non-resident commercial fishing license,
State resident shad fishing license, $1.
Non-resident shad fishing license, $10.
County non-resident season hunting li-
State non-resident season hunting license,
State non-resident hunting license, (10-
State resident trapper's license, $3.
State non-resident trapper's license, $25.
State non-resident fur dealers, $200.
Propagation permit, $1.
>/ ^55 f^
1. — With lungs full, float face down with back of the neck on the
surface. 2 — Get ready for a downward thrust using arms, legs, or
both. Be sure mouth is empty. 3. — Exhale through nose WHILE raising
head so that mouth is in the air, shoulders under. 4. — With head
vertical, thrust downward for support during mouth inhale. 5. — With
lungs full, drop head forward, immediately thrust downward and
backward. 6 — Relax, with head, arms, and legs dangling, holding all
air, while floating forward and upward. Learners rest three seconds
here, experts rest ten seconds.
DROWNING ranks second only
i/ to traffic deaths as a single
cause of accidental deaths, yet
a technique developed at Georgia
Tech has proven that nearly any-
one can easily be "drown-
proofed" for extended periods of
time, certainly long enough to
be rescued under ordinary cir-
To give an idea of the effec-
tiveness of the Georgia Tech
method, an experiment was con-
ducted at Tech with sixty POOR
swimmers. A third had their
wrists tied behind their back,
another third had legs tied in a
Professor Fred R. Lanoue
half bent position, and the re-
maining third were free. Aver-
age quitting time of these POOR
swimmers was four hours and
forty minutes, and sixteen of
them reached the objective of
EIGHT HOURS. It seems as
though these folks approach
"Drownproofing" is funda-
mentally the development of a
technique of breathing while
swimming in deep water with
such an absolute minimum of
energy expenditure that terrify-
ing complications like multiple
cramps, heavy clothes, disabling
injuries, high waves, rough wa-
ter, and long immersion have lit-
tle or no effect on survival. Many
of our NON-SWIMMERS who
have never swum one length of
our pool, have stayed up one hour
in the crowded deep end of our
pool, using this technique, which
most of them learned in about a
dozen lessons. As a beginner,
would you rather have a pretty
These underwater photos show a Georgia
Tech swimmer in positions 4 (left) and 5 as
described in the above drawing.
stroke, or still be on the top an
hour after an accident in the
Hunters, fishermen, boaters,
swimmers — anyone who uses the
water for recreation or work owe
it to themselves, AND THEIR
FAMILIES, to learn how to pro-
tect themselves in water. This
technique is cheaper and better
than any insurance or gadget
you can buy, and it is quite eas-
ily self taught with a little prac-
The new technique has its
basis in physics. Specific gravity
(Continued on I'affe 21)
FOR All STREAMS -UKESSPOUK
IN GEORGIA: FOR BETTER FISHIK
Burton Hatchery All Dressed Up
No explanation is needed for pictures 1-2-3-4 — since these signs
tell the story. Many such signs have been put up by the Game and
Fish Commission in various sections of the State. Sportsmen say there
signs ore an invaluable service. (5) — Warm water species such as
bass and bream are propagated in these Lake Burton Hatchery pools.
Lake Burton is in the background. (6) These raceways turn out
thousands of trout for stocking in North Georgia streams. More race-
ways are being added. (7) — Thousands of little rainbows. When they
get from 6 to 10 inches, they are released in trout streams.
i|TTERS, fun-loving clowns,
(/ probably are the most play-
ful creatures in all wildlife. Life
to them is an unending game of
frolic, tag, roll and tumble both
in and out of water. These par-
lous days of troubles throughout
the world are not even remotely
connected with the otter way of
life. They just live to play and
play to live.
The graceful, light-hearted
animals are unaware of a good
price on their rich, luxuriant,
durable hide. Demands for otter
fur makes this gay creature live
rather dangerously. Trapped
otters often tear themselves
loose by the fury of sheer force.
Some have been known to bite
off the trapped portion of their
legs to escape.
This gay, carefree animal is
said to leave in his wake, a story
of fearful fish destruction. They
fish for the sheer joy of catch-
ing fish. They catch bass, big
and little ones. Even if not hun-
gry, they will grab a bass, take
it to shore, nibble a piece out of
it to insure death and return to
water for more fishing;.
Not mony people have ever seen a baby
otter. This Okefenokee Swamp youngster
is just a handful of velvet-soft fluffy fur. One
little chirp out of junior and mama and
poppa will come a-running, ready for trouble.
Ready for lunch! These Okefenokee Swamp Park otters never fail to snap to attention at the
sight of a fish — and it must be fresh.
m > ■'■•■^2
In the Okefenokee Swamp,
otters pursue their way of life
undisturbed except for their na-
tural wildlife enemies. In this
refuge, their numbers have in-
creased until now, sportsmen are
accusing them of being the ma-
jor contributor to the serious
decline in game fishing. Some
have reported seeing bass scales
piled high on the banks — the
handiwork of fun-loving, ram-
paging otters. They also say vul-
tures follow otter activities with
an attentive eye to conclude the
bass dining habit where the
otter leaves off.
Being of nomadic nature, the
otter is reported to travel as
much as six miles in one night
and may cover lrom 50 to 60
miles in a season. Where pos-
sible, otters will make and take
advantage of a mud slide lead-
ing from a bank into the water.
Over and over they skid, slip and
slide into the water in a spirit of
Otters have a certain refuge
along the bank which they estab-
lish as a social center. Here they
dry themselves, wallow and re-
lax befoie resuming their end-
less games. They are mature at
2 years of age. Usually they have
from two to four young. The
newly born are blind, toothless
and helpless for five weeks or
more. The cubs must be taught
to swim. Timid youngsters are
dragged into the water by their
The momma otter stands a
constant vigil over her little
ones. Not even poppa is allowed
to come near until junior is sev-
eral months old.
The otter is fearless. It has
been known to dip and dive
about alligators, nipping them
in touchy spots just for laughs.
The annoyed 'gator is no match
for an otter where swimming is
involved, else — it would be a dif-
Other than the fish diet otters
are known to eat crayfish, frogs,
larvae of aquatic insects, worms,
soft shell turtles and almost
anything they can grub out of
the mud. They prefer nocturnal
activity and are seldom seen ex-
cept at daylight or dusk.
After exhaustive studies by
game technicians, it was con-
(Continued on Page 25)
— Xampreij —
(Continued from Page 11)
rey were definitely known here
until March 17, 1953 when a
single small individual was
taken from a buck shad in the
Ocmulgee River by Leroy Tip-
pens, of Rochelle. The sea lamp-
rey was to be expected in
Georgia since it has been re-
ported from the St. Johns River
in Florida and from tributaries
of the Savannah River in South
Sea lampreys are the largest
and most destructive of the
species. Fortunately, this spec-
ies can be discounted in Georgia
as a potential nuisance. It is
apparently rather uncommon
anywhere in the southern part
of its natural range. There is
some doubt that it ever spawns
in Georgia since our only speci-
men appears to be an immature
individual that hitched a ride on
a migrating shad.
We do have two species of
freshwater parasitic lampreys
which appear to be locally abun-
dant from time to time. One
species is confined to streams
in the Tennessee River drainage
and the other in the Alabama
River drainage. The latter
species probably occurs in the
Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers
It is difficult to determine
just how much harm Georgia
lampreys can do. They are
smaller than the sea lamprey
and, in general, do not kill their
prey. Further, they seem to at-
tack suckers and catfish in pre-
ference to bream or bass. Fish
attacked by lampreys are not
total losses. They may bear
scars or sores but these would
have no effect upon the usabil-
ity of the fish unless some sec-
ondary infection occurred in the
wound. In the latter case, the
infected area could be cut out
and the rest of the fish eaten
with perfect safety.
Since brook lampreys are
never parasitic they are of no
concern to the fishermen.
There seems to be no cause
for alarm over lampreys in
(Top) This Sea lamprey has proved it can wreak widespread destruction of game and food
fishes. Only one has ever been found in Georgia waters, (middle) This parasitic or chestnut
lamprey has been giving our fishermen a scare. It is regarded as little more than a pest,
(bottom) Nothing to worry about here. The Brook lamprey is harmless.
Georgia. We are not being in-
vaded by lampreys — they have
always been here. Actually, we
can expect a decrease in our
lamprey populations. As more
and more dams are built, the
parasitic lamprey species will be
cut off from their spawning
grounds in the headwaters. This
might account for the numer-
ous reports of lampreys in the
Etowah River near Cartersville.
These could be lampreys spawn-
ed four or five years ago in
small streams now inaccessible
with the construction of Alla-
toona Dam. In attempting to
reach their native streams these
lampreys may be accumulating
below the dam in the spring.
Lacking suitable spawning
areas, most of them will die
While we have a few speci-
mens of lampreys and some
scattered verbal reports, we
need more definite information
before we can adequately assess
our lamprey problems. If you
catch a fish with a lamprey on
it, preserve the lamprey in 10
percent formaldehyde. Record
when and where it was taken.
If you are fortunate enough to
observe lampreys spawning,
write or call Donald Scott at the
Department of Biology, Univer-
sity of Georgia. Your coopera-
tion could provide us with in-
formation that would be valua-
ble in dealing with a lamprey
problem should one develop.
(Continued from Page 17)
of the average human body is
about .97, thus, only about five
pounds of most individuals will
float out of water even with the
lungs full of air. The problem of
people in a potential drowning
situation is one of getting
enough air to buoy one up, yet
to do so in a manner to avoid
tiring. This is best accomplished
by using the Tech procedure as
shown in the accompanying
Advantages of the Tech pro-
cedure are many. First, air pro-
vides all buoyancy needed, after
putting the face back in the
water, thus eliminating tiring,
unnecessary movements. Second,
the possibility of choking is
minimized by not tipping the
head back. Third, real relaxation
and long rest periods are ob-
tained by proper spacing of the
arm and leg movements. Fourth,
the method works nearly as well
with arms or legs alone, or using
only one of each — folks DO get
cramps, disabling injuries, etc.,
One of the principal causes for
drownings is panic. Panic causes
poor swimmers to flail about and
waste energy until they sink. It
causes them to try to swim too
fast. Distance without speed
means literally nothing to a
TRAINED swimmer. As long as
the swimmer stays underwater,
more than out of water, there is
practically no strain. The best
swimmers at Georgia Tech and
at Emory University cannot hold
fifteen pound weights out of
water using legs alone for more
than three minutes, although
they can easily stay up for hours
and swim miles, with their hands
tied behind their backs. How sil-
ly it is for poor swimmers, or
any swimmers, to try to hold a
fifteen pound head out of water
for any time. The Georgia Tech
procedure makes air do all the
work of flotation, minimizes
choking, and really produces re-
laxation. It works equally well
on he's or she's — old or young —
fat or skinny — tall or short, and,
smart or dumb.
Director Fulton Lovell, of the Georgia State Game and Fish Commission, affixes his signature
to the official papers that sealed the reciprocal fishing agreement between Georgia and
South Carolina where it concerns the Clark Hill Reservoir. A. A. Richardson, South Carolina
Director, awaits his turn to sign up. Senator L. L. Hester, of McCormick, S. C, watches the
signing of the history making documents at Soap Creek Fishing Camp.
Clark Hill Agreement
T*HOSE dark clouds that hover-
/ ed so long over Clark Hill
were removed when Director
Fulton Lovell, of the Georgia
Game and Fish Commission, met
with Director A. A. Richardson,
of South Carolina at Soap Creek
Fishing Camp and signed the
long awaited reciprocal agree-
The agreement solved the
problems for the fishermen since
licenses from either state will be
recognized and honored on Reser-
It was an occasion of soft
words, smiles and good humor,
more important, it was Georgia
and South Carolina shaking
hands across Clark Hill's rich
fishing grounds just as good
neighbors always should do.
Here are a few details of the
agreement which all sportsmen
must observe. All Georgians, age
12 to 65, must have a license. In
all other Georgia waters (except
Clark Hill) a license is not re-
quired of persons under 16 years
The limit on bass is 10, plus
30 other game fish with a pos-
session limit of 40 game fish.
Basket, seine, trot line and net
fishermen are classified as com-
mercial operators and must com-
ply with the laws of their re-
Any light stronger than a 5-
cell flashlight is forbidden for
fishing purposes. No person may
use more than two lines at one
time. No person may have a rifle
in the boat and shooting rifles
within 100 yards of the shore
line is forbidden.
Rough Fish friMcci-aU PARTNERSHIP
(Continued from Page 1.5)
success depends on location and
what is used for bait. Then it's up
to the fish.
"The best basket season is
from May 15 on through the
summer. Best catches come when
the water is 65 degrees. When it
is warmer or colder, the catch
falls off. Yellow catfish often
enter unbaited baskets. Oc-
casionally a basket will take a
gar or an eel. It takes about 2
hours to make a trap and cost
about $3. Legal baskets at hard-
ware stores bring from $6 to $8.
"Our experimental rough fish
control program started in De-
cember, 1951. Now it's all over.
We will continue to trap a few
fish but only for tagging pur-
poses. We expect to tag and re-
lease 2,000 rough and 1,000 game
fish. My favorite fish? That's
easy — catfish, of course. Wonder-
"Have you noticed," Otho con-
cluded, "the increasing numbers
of signs, 'Catfish Dinners?' This
is a sign of wise utilization of a
(Continued from Page 3)
fishing has always had ample
customers. It all adds up to
fishermen thick as a pot full of
Economically, it would be un-
wise to pass up the dollar value
of the dinners that will be the
result of thousands of pounds
of fish caught. More and more
restaurants are featuring cat-
fish and other type fish dinners.
Many Georgia fishermen have
reached the revealing conclusion
that it is unnecessary to leave
the state to catch fish. They have
realized our waters can give
them results and they are taking
advantage of it.
It all adds ud to big business
and still Georgia has not hit its
fishing peak. Few states can
offer trout, bass, and other warm
water fishing, plus salt water
fishing — all in one great big
package. The out-of-state an-
glers are not asleep. Our non-
resident license sales show we
get anglers from every state in
(Continued from Page 5)
ducing about 1,000 eggs per
pound of her weight. It has been
figured that about 85 percent of
the brown trout brood will be lost
before they reach 18 months of
age. Remember too, what a rough
and tumble existence a trout
lives in the average mountain
stream. There is the wash down
of sand and gravel, the sudden
flash floods, and extremely high
or bitterly cold water.
Only the alert and quick sur-
vive in their precarious dwelling.
Much of the trout diet consists
of insects which they take in sud-
den darts almost faster than the
human eye can follow.
Then too, there is always that
fellow in waders, hip boots, felt
bottom or hob-nail shoes and
probably wearing a ridiculous
little hat stuck full of colorful
flies. He will wave his magic
wand and in a pool drops a fly
that dances lightly on the water.
The eyes of perhaps four or five
trout watch every movement.
Suddenly — Wham !
It is for this golden moment
that grown men leave a busy
office, a wife and children and
drive over 100 miles. That's
trout fishing !
Mo Cats OUh?
Some of the countries that lead as
fish producers are among the world's
poorest fish eaters. This is how they
compare, on a per capita consump-
Japan 83.3 lbs.
Iceland 63.3 lbs.
Norway 46.7 lbs.
Denmark 35.9 lbs.
United Kingdom 29.9 lbs.
Belgium 21.6 lbs.
Portugal 20.5 lbs.
Germany 19.8 lbs.
Holland 17.9 lbs.
France 14.8 lbs.
Canada 13.7 lbs.
Italy 12.6 lbs.
U. S. 11.1 lbs.
China 6.0 lbs.
(Continued from Page 2)
and ponds. They keep a careful
check on our great reservoirs.
Thev have put into operation a
creel census study on the North
Georgia streams with a view of
bringing about better trout fish-
ing and stream improvements.
They have developed our hatch-
eries for greater fish production
to meet greater demands. Thev
stand guard over the rough fish
control program. Their list of
major and minor projects is long
but thev all add up to more and
Our wildlife rangers have been
a credit to the Enforcement
We are not without vexing
problems. We are gravely con-
cerned with pollution. It appears
that Georgia may be slowlv
committing an aquatic suicide
by allowing poison to enter the
water veins of the state. Water
is certainly one of the greatest
essentials for the continued
existence of all animal life. Man
seems to be the only creature in-
tent on the destruction of this
Perhaps we have lost our
respect for water. How much
longer can we afford to ignore
the life blood of the state? One
day, we must come up with the
right answers to heal these in-
fected wounds that are con-
stantly pouring poison in our
Each year, irate citizens de-
mand surcease to the wholesale
slaughter of fish due to pollu-
tion. We are powerless to act
since we have no law to invoke.
Complaints are highest in hot
weather when water is low and
robbed of its oxygen content.
Impure water carries disease to
men, livestock, fish, and wildlife
to exact a devastating toll.
The remedy is forthcoming. It
will provide for industry, muni-
cipalities and clean water exist-
ing in a compatible state of well
being for the benefit of all con-
cerned. Meanwhile, every true
conservationist hopes that all
the sand will not have fallen
through the hourglass before we
get the correct, intelligent an-
swer in the form of a law that
can be enforced.
SU R VI V AL ® cipe ? " A * m
(Continued from Page 9)
bird eggs, birds, and other ani-
mals. Plants, whether water or
land, furnish edible fruits,
seeds, bark tubers, buds, leaves,
flowers, sap, pods, nuts, acorns,
stems, roots, and shoots. If pos-
sible, some cooking will make
most of these more easily di-
gested and less likely to cause
sickness. This can be done by
roasting in ashes or on hot rocks
if you have no container.
In general it is safe to try
foods that you observe being
eaten by birds and mammals.
Never eat large quantities of a
strange food without first test-
ing it. A small quantity of even
a poisonous food is not likely to
prove fatal or even dangerous,
whereas a large quantity may
be. Unknown plant foods with
milky juices should be avoided.
Any plant parts with an unus-
ually bitter or otherwise dis-
agreeable taste may be definite-
ly harmful. Mushrooms or toad-
stools are dangerous unless you
are an expert. Remember that
while you may gag over an un-
palatable morsel, many savages
would smack their lips over it.
There is a choice of starve or
eat. If you are hungry enough,
you'll eat anything you can
catch or overtake.
Water Most Important
Water is the most important
single factor for survival. With-
out it, the presence or absence
of food is of little importance.
You can survive many days if
you have water. Fortunately in
the southern states, finding
water usually is no difficult pro-
blem. However, certain points
other than purity are worth re-
membering. When looking for
water remember that the water-
table is usually near the surface
and can be reached with a little
digging in low forested areas,
along the seashore, and in the
flood plane of rivers. The water-
table tends to follow the con-
tours of the land surface.
Drinking water usually can be
obtained along the seashore by
scooping out holes in the beach
at low tide. Fresh water will
be found first when you dig
since it is lighter than salt
A handful of freckles on a turned up
Patched up jeans and muddy toes,
An old cane pole and a battered can
Dad's old straw hat and baked on tan.
A faithful pup less pedigree
A vacant space where a tooth should
A secret place to sit and dream
A fishin' hole on a noisy stream.
The birds, the frogs, the bugs and
And grub like only Mother makes
And special times when Dad can come
To fish and talk till day is done.
It's such as these that link the span
From a freckle nose kid to a worth-
— Paul Thygeson Gilbert
water. Water too brackish to
drink frequently can be made
palatable by running it through
a sand filter several times.
Drinking sea water in any quan-
tity when the body is dehy-
drated is extremely dangerous.
It should be remembered that
body fluids of salt water fish
when strained through a cloth
can supply the human body as
a water substitute and sustain
When Not to Eat
Don't eat if you lack water, as
eating uses up the body's water
reserves. Don't drink alcohol
as it increases the risk of frost
bite. Snow should be taken
sparingly and should be melted
in the mouth before swallow-
ing. Sap is chiefly water antl
from many plants it is both fit
to drink and usually available.
This is particularly true of many
desert plants. In our area one
source, easily found, is the
Your wilderness survival is in
direct proportion to the know-
ledge you have at your immed-
iate command, your ability to
improvise, and intelligently to
apply specific information in
supplying your immediate need.
When it is all over, you will re-
call your experience as a re-
freshing visit in the great out-
doors and rich in adventure.
Keep always in mind the old In-
dian who, when he could not find
his way back to camp said "In-
dian not lost, wigwam lost."
Lost fishermen are especially
well equipped since they possess
the tools to secure food, strayed
hunters can use their guns to
solve the food problem.
(Continued from Page 19)
eluded that otters are beneficial
in spite of their fishing habits.
Their fish diet often includes
catfish and others coming under
the classification of rough fish.
They are especially valuable
where the waters are overstock-
ed with stunted fish.
In the better informed circles,
the stories of otters killing
beavers are taken with a grain
The otter reputation as a
fighter is known and respected
by its enemies. The teeth are
rather large and strong. They
can crush the bone in a dog's leg
as a person might bite through
a chocolate bar.
In summary, the otter is all
of these things — gentle, happy,
a killer, a great swimmer, fear-
less, fun-loving, care-free, alert,
vivacious, quick, devoted to
family, ever playful, steadfast
in death and for the sheer joy
of just being alive — it is the
happiest living thing on earth.
What kind of fish are found
in the Clark Hill waters?
In a fish population study con-
ducted by Fred Dickson, the fol-
lowing species were found: small
and largemouth bass; chain
pickerel (jack) ; yellow perch ;
black and white crappie; blue-
gill; warmouth; shellcrackers;
redbreast; roundflier; channel,
brown bullhead, and flat bull-
head catfish ; redhorse sucker,
carp; gizzard shad, Johnnie
darter; hog and chub suckers;
goldfish, green sunfish, white
catfish, golden shiners: spot -tail
minnow; silver shiner: pirate
perch; eel, and long nosed gar.
Since this population study,
there have been reports of
striped bass and white bass be-
ing caught. Walleyed pike are
known to be in the waters thai
\'v<-(\ the Clark Hill Reservoir
and soon these wonderful game
fish may be caught in the big
lake. It may take a year or two
lor the walleyes to reach Clark
ft ^Letters to the Editor ft —
SALT WATER FISH OF
FLORIDA AND THE
By Vladimir IV alters
24 pages. Drawings or color pictures on
everv page. Published bv Caribou Press, Box
236, Bronxville, N. Y. Price 50c.
This pocket sized booklet is beauti-
fully done in bright, gorgeous color
illustrations. It is perfect as a refer-
ence for the identification of salt
water fishes. You will read every word
and find yourself getting acquainted
with such things as the Rainbow Par-
rotfish, Pearl Fish, Hog Choker, Cow-
fish, Lionfish, Batfish, French Angel
and many others that will stir your
AN ANGLERS ANTHOLOGY
By Eugene Burns
147 pages. Illustrated with sketches by
Louis Macoillard. Published by Stackpole
Company, Harrisburg. Pennsylvania. Price
It isn't necessary to be a fisherman
to appreciate this excellent book. It is
in prose and poetry with some of the
best pieces of many of the most be-
loved figures in English literature. It
also contains choice selections of many
well known contemporary writers.
This is a valuable addition to any
sportsman's library. It certainly will
be a comforting companion for the
angler in his leisure hours. It is the
kind of reading enjoyed for perhaps
a half hour before bedtime and it can
be read over and over again. Between
the covers you have reference, history
of angling and words of wisdom from
such famous writers as Robert Brown-
ing, William Shakespeare, Robert
Louis Stevenson, Henry D. Thoreau
and many others.
The change of pace in subject mat-
ter is superb.
FISHING TACKLE DIGEST
By Charles R. Jacobs
I is pages. Packed with illustrat: .ins and
pictures. Produced by Crown Publishers, 419
Fourth Ave., New York, N. Y. Price $1.50.
Probably the most complete book of
its type ever published. It deals with
every type fishing tackle for fresh
and salt water. The stories by out-
standing writers are well done and in
the language the fisherman under-
It is full of hints, suggestions and
methods for catching all types of
game fish using the equipment of
your choice. There are game fish
identifications along with pictures,
plus the history of the species ever,
down to what they like to eat. It's a
book you won't just read — you'll study
THE WHITE HOUSE
February 15, 1954.
Dear Mr. Lovell :
Thank you very much for your
letter of February twelfth,
granting me hunting and fishing
privileges in Georgia. I am most
appreciative of your courtesy.
I enjoyed to the full my too
brief weekend expedition. The
weather and the quail were most
With best wishes,
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dear Mr. Stearns:
Have been reading your pub-
lication for some time now and I
think that it is a fine magazine.
It gives the sportsmen of the
state a lot of general and special
information, plus some interest-
I would appreciate it if you
would include my name in your
subscription lists. I manage to
get most of the issues from other
people to read, but I would like
to keep a back file on the issues
so that I can refer to them when
I want to do so.
Thanking you in advance for
the subscription, I remain,
James H. Wood
Georgia Game and Fish
I have just received a copy of
Georgia Game and Fish, and I
wish to congratulate your de-
partment on this splendid maga-
All the various articles are
very interesting and good ; and I
really appreciate being able to
keep up with the wildlife and
good fishing news from my old
home state through these won-
Leonard H. Henrv
1468 Church Street
Dear Mr. Stearns:
Just had my first opportunity
to see "Georgia Game & Fish."
It is wonderful! I couldn't stop
'til I had read the entire edition
from cover to cover!
The articles were very well
written and quite timely. The
photographs certainly add to
Your magazine is by far and
large the very best of its type
Dr. LeRoy Harris
Box 143, Griffin, Ga.
I have been reading your
Georgia Game and Fish Maga-
zine, which I obtained from my
local ranger, Mr. Thornton.
I have found, after reading
several magazines on this sub-
ject, that your magazine furn-
ishes the most complete and
profitable information in this
I believe that your article in-
troducing the game law enforce-
ment officers to the public is the
best step in gaining the full sup-
port of the hunters and fisher-
I would appreciate being on
your regular mailing list.
Robert M." Harris
Chicago 9. 111.
Dear Mr. Stearns:
I have just received an issue
of "Georgia Game and Fish."
First, I want to congratulate
you on a very fine job of publish-
ing this wonderful edition. In my
opinion your wonderful maga-
zine surpasses all books you find
on the newstand.
Secondly, I want to thank you
for your most kind assistance
for helping me with my vacation
5325 S. Marshfield
Chicago 9, Illinois
/F you have ever met Walter
Gresh, Regional Director of
the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Serv-
ice, you are not likely to forget
him. His job is to handle Federal
business in 11 Southeastern
states where it pertains to game
and fish. This job he does with
superb diplomacy, skill and
Walter's quick response to
help settle problems, his marvel-
ous spirit of cooperation and
good fellowship has endeared
him to every wildlife director in
the 11 states.
One of the true signs of great-
ness is what fellow workers say
and think of "the boss." All
through the ranks of the U. S.
Fish and Wildlife Service they
regard their Director as not just
their Chief but a close personal
friend. He is never too busy to
talk over problems, large or
small, with his employees. They
all say of Walter, "the greatest
guy in the world."
What a story they could have
on Walter for, "This is Your
Life." He is not only rich in
friendships but wealthy in back-
ground and experience. He has
been through the mill. His first
(Continued on Pajie 26)
Hard Work Won
Job as Chief
yUALLORY Hatchett, Chief of
' ' Ogeechee District with
headquarters at Vidalia, came up
thi'ough the ranks. Starting in
1948, he worked under Chief
Thomasson, of Macon, who said
of Mallory, "He is one of the best
wildlife rangers I've ever seen."
Hatchett is married and has
one son. He is a veteran of 14
years of Army service most of
which he served as a member of
the Military Police. He was in
the Philippines during the last
war and was on occupation duty
in Korea after the war.
Mallory likes to fish and hunt
but admits he prefers to see a
deer galloping off into the woods
than draped over an automobile
While Hatchett is soft of voice,
those who know him are not mis-
led by this characteristic. He
does not ask his men to do any
job that he will not do himself.
He has won the admiration and
wholehearted cooperation of all
Perhaps it was his Army
training that taught Mallory to
master surprise tactics. Without
notice, he will call his men to-
(Continued <>n Page 2<>)
/»HIEF Cliff Palmer, with 13
C wildlife rangers in his divis-
ion, operates in 12 North Georgia
counties including vast parts of
the Chattahoochee National For-
est. He lives at Suches, Georgia,
with his wife, Hazel, and three
sons, Paul, Pete and Rex. Cliff
proudly reports his boys have
already graduated from the pole
and line division to the rod and
reel class although Rex, the
youngest, is just four.
Born in Nicholson, Cliff must
have known as a boy that he
would somehow always have a
part in conservation and the out-
doors. As a barefoot lad, his
greatest joy was fishing and
The Chief never once com-
plains about the 24 hour duties
demanded by the job he has held
for 7 years. He rather enjoys the
extra work. Few men can keep
up with the pace the Chief sets.
He moves effortlessly and tire-
lessly over mountains and down
rugged trout streams.
His job is demanding since he
must constantly check many of
the North Georgia reservoir
lakes, several hundred miles of
trout streams, stand guard over
the wildlife Management Area,
(Continued on Page 2fi)
(Continued from Page 25)
wildlife job was with Pennsyl-
vania back in the 30's. He then
shifted over as a game techni-
cian with the TVA. Later he was
Regional Supervisor of Pittman-
Robertson programs. Then he
moved into Chicago for a better
position with P-R.
After more P-R work in Min-
nesota, he came to Atlanta as
assistant to James Silver, Re-
gional Director. Upon Silver's re-
tirement, Walter stepped into
the top job.
His hobby is woodworking in a
little shop back of his home in
Smyrna. For his own amuse-
ment, he turns out items that
reflect superior craftsmanship.
His wife, Mrs. Mardie Gresh, is
delighted with Walter's talent.
She dreams it up and Walter
builds it. They have one son who
at present is in the U. S. Coast
Walter's broiled steak and bar-
becued chicken cooked on an out-
door pit, comes under the head-
ing of gastronomical delight.
When time permits, he enjoys
hunting and fishing. He is an
expert at both.
It is common knowledge that
Walter Gresh is one of the best
informed wildlife men in the na-
tion. It isn't by accident that he
comes up with right answers.
He is a profound thinker and the
smallest details do not escape his
As a youngster, Walter
traveled abroad in forestry work.
He seldom forgets anything ex-
cept his hat. These he loses fre-
quently. If a spare hat turns up
in certain restaurants, they auto-
matically send to to Walter and
usually it's his.
How does he like Georgia?
When he is away, he gets home-
sick for the entire Southeast and
especially Georgia. Pennsylvania
is his native state.
Few men have such a rare
sense of timing. He catches
trains and planes within the last
minute of departure. And he
He has litle patience with
wildlife violators. Few of his
closest friends know that while
trying to catch a Pennsylvania
violator, Walter was painfully
wounded by a rifle shot in the
(Continued from Page 25)
take on a major role in the an-
nual Management Area deer
hunt and run down illegal night
The big problem he faces con-
cerns "self-hunting" dogs that
have seriously damaged deer
herds in the mountain areas.
Time and again Cliff has caught
the dogs and returned them to
their owners only to have to
catch them all over again.
"I just wish," Palmer said,
"these dog owners could see their
pets run down a doe — many
times with a fawn — and cruelly
slash the poor animal to death.
A man would have to own a
strong stomach to watch that
kind of show." Cliff owns two
dogs and is proud of them. They
are not deer killers.
The Chief's life as a ranger is
never dull. Many times he has
been in wild automobile rides in
pursuit of violators. His spring
steel leg muscles quickly over-
take violators. It is almost use-
less to run if Cliff is in the chase.
One fellow sent word to the
Chief that he intended to hunt
when he pleased and at his own
convenience. He challenged the
Chief to do something about it.
The man had built a deer blind
in the top of an old house on the
rim of the Management Area. At
2 a.m. one moonlight night, he
came down out of his blind, right
into Palmer's waiting arms. The
next stop was the court room.
shoulder. The man was caught
and received a stiff sentence.
If vou want to find Walter at
the Atlanta office of the U. S.
Fish and Wildlife Service, just
look for a fellow with a big smile
and a large "hello."
Rub trout or rough fish with
salt and pepper. Stuff with sliced
onion and a small amount of
garlic. Place trout in pan and
slice two or more onions over
the top. Lay a few slices of bacon
over the trout and 2 or 3 bay
leaves. Pour canned tomatoes
over the fish, covering well.
Bake in a moderate oven until
trout are tender.
POPULATION studies at Lake
# Chatuge by Fred Dickson and
his staff of biologists and 12
rangers late in 1953 told a
pleasant story for our sports-
In a nut shell, the lake was
found to be in excellent shape
and well balanced. The big sur-
prise was the crappie population.
In all the years of his experience
Fred couldn't remember when he
had seen such big, healthy crap-
pie. His statement was sub-
stantiated later when a teen-age
lad hauled out a crappie over 4
Some of the Lake Chatuge
species examined included bass
(large and smallmouth), crap-
pie, bluegill, warmouth, shell-
crackers, redbreast, yellow
perch, channel catfish (big
ones), milktail shiners, carp and
Chatuge is one of the few
lakes in the state where the
game fish outnumber the rough
fish. The prediction is for great
fishing and outstanding catches.
(Continued from Page 25)
gether and spend the night on a
river in search of illegal devices
or hunters and fishermen vio-
lating the laws. Violators feeling
secure and confident of a "clear
field" suddenly find Hatchett
tapping them on the shoulder.
The Chief believes our game
and fish future is in the hands
of youngsters. He never passes
up an opportunity to spend time
with boys and girls and tell them
the story of conservation.
So far as Chief Hatchett is
concerned, he has the greatest
job in the world. He explains it
thusly, "I'm doing the type of
work I like to do and when you
like what you're doing — you are
happy. I just like the great out-
doors and everything in it."
His work as chief has reflected
credit to the Game and Fish
Commission. In his new terri-
tory he has many new friends
and has had excellent coopera-
tion from court officials.
3 510fl DMSSM DS3M
Georgia Cooperative Wildlife Areas — Georgia Game and Fish Commission
and Chattahoochee National Forest
Blue Ridge Management Area
Saturdays & Sundays: April 24 & 25, May 1 & 2. 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 &
23, 29 & 30. July 3 & 4, 10 & 11. 17 & 18. 24 & 25.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: June 2 & 3, 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24,
August 4 & 5, 11 & 12, 18 & 19, 25 & 26.
Also: September 4, 5 & 6.
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Dahlonega. travel for approximately
3 miles on Hy. 19 toward Cleveland, turn left on Coopers Gap
dirt road and travel approximately 14 miles to Hightower Gap.
Permits may be bought here from Ranger Cleve Harper.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: May 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27.
July 1, 7 & 8. 14 & 15, 21 & 22. 28 & 29, 31.
Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27, 30,
August 1, 7 & 8, 14 & 15. 21 & 22, 28 & 29.
Directions from Atlanta: Go by way Blue Ridge. Morganton. to Dial,
Georgia. Go to Noontootley Creek which is near Junie Stevens'
residence. Permits may be secured from Ranger Mullinax. Also
from Ranger Harper at Winding Stair Gap.
Saturdays and Sundays: May 1 & 2, 8 & 9, 15 & 16. 22 & 23.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: August 4 & 5. 11 & 12. 18 & 19, 25 & 26.
Directions from Atlanta: Take Hy. 19, just before Dahlonega, and
travel to Nimblewill Church, go by the church on the left fork,
and travel to Nimblecreek bridge where permitB may be bought
from Ranger H. C. Rider.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: May 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27,
Saturdays and Sundays: August 1. 7 & 8. 14 & 15, 21 & 22.
Directions from Atlanta: Just before reaching Dahlonega, take Hy. 19
and travel to Nimblewill Church, turn to the right at the church,
the first creek is Jones Creek, the second is Montgomery Creek.
Permits may be bought at the bridges from Ranger H. C. Rider.
Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27, July
3 & 4, 10 & 11. August 28 & 29.
Also : September 6.
Directions from Atlanta: Just before reaching Dahlonega, take Hy. 19
and travel to Nimblewill Church, turn right at the church. The
first creek is Jones Creek. Permits may be bought from Ranger
H. C. Rider at the bridge.
Chattahoochee-Chestatee Management Area
CHATTAHOOCHEE AND SPOIL CANE CREEKS
Saturdays and Sundays: May 1 & 2, 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 23, 29 & 30,
July 3 & 4. 10 & 11, 17 & 18, 24 & 25, 31.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: June 2 & 3. 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24.
August 1, 7 & 8, 14 & 15, 21 & 22. 28 & 29.
Also : September 5 & 6.
Directions from Atlanta : Go to Helen, Georgia, continue northward on
Hy. 17 & 75 until you cross the first river bridge, turn to the
right. Permits may be obtained from Ranger Frank Hedden.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: May 5 & 6, 12 & 13. 19 & 20, 26 & 27,
July 1. 7 & 8, August 4 & 5, 11 & 12.
Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6. 12 & 13, 30.
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Helen, Georgia, continue northward on
Hy. M & 75 until you cross the first river bridge, turn to the
left and travel approximately 6 miles to the creek, permits may
be bought from Ranger Frank Hedden.
Saturdays and Sundays: June 19 & 20, 26 & 27.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: July 14 & 15, 21 & 22, August 18 & 19.
25 & 26.
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Helen, continue travelling northward
one mile to Robertstown, travel eastward approximately 2 miles to
the upper end of Unicoi State Park Lake, where permits may
be obtained from Ranger Frank Hedden.
DICKS AND WATERS CREEKS
Saturdays and Sundays: May I 2, 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 23, 29 & 30.
July 3 & 4, 10 & 11, 17 & 18, 23 & 24.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: June 2 & 3, 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24.
Also: September 4, 5 & 6.
Directions from Atlanta: Travel 14 miles north of Cleveland on Hy.
11 to Turners Corner, travel southward one-half mile on Hy. 19
& 9, turn right at church and school house. This road will lead
to Ranger R. C. Byer's residence, where permits may be obtained.
BOGGS CREEK AND CHESTATEE RIVER
Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6. 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27.
Wedn. idaya and Thursdays: August 1 & 5, 1 1 & 12, 18 & 19, 25 & 26.
Directions from Atlanta: Travel 14 miles noi*h of Dahlonega on Hy. 19
to Turners Corner. Permits may be bo ght from Ranger Bycrs.
Lake Burton Management Area
Saturdays and Sundays: May 1 & 2, 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 23, 29 & 30,
July t & I. in & 11. 17 & 18, 24 & 25.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: June 2 & 3, 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24
August 4 & r>. 11 & 12. 18 & 19, 25 & 26.
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Clai kesville, take Hy. 97 to end of pave-
ment, turn to left and pass Huford LaPrade's Camp, pass the first
creek to the top of the first hill, turn to the left on dirt road.
This will lead you to Wildcat Creek, where permits may be bought
from Ranger T. E. Hollifield.
Saturdays and Sundays: June 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27, July
3 & 4, 7 & 8, 14 & 15. 21 & 22, 28 & 29, August 7 & 8, 14 &
15, 21 & 22, 28 & 29.
Also: September 4, 5 & 6.
Directions from Atlanta : Go to Clarkesville, take Hy. 97 to end of
pavement, turn left and follow the main road to the Lake Burton
Fish Hatchery, where the permits may be bought from Ranger
T. E. Hollifield.
Wednesdays and Thursdays : May 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27.
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Clarkesville, turn to left on Hy. 97,
travel past Lake Burton Fish Hatchery to the first creek. Per-
mits may be bought here from Ranger Hollifield.
Cohutta Management Area
Saturdays and Sundavs: May 1 & 2. 8 & 9, 15 & 16, 22 & 23, 29 & 30,
June 5 & 6, 12 & 13, 19 & 20. 26 & 27, July 3 & 4, 10 & 11, 17
& 18. 24 & 25.
Wednesdays and Thursdays: August 4 & 5, 11 & 12, 18 & 19, 25 & 26.
Also: September 4, 5 & 6.
Directions from Atlanta : Go to Ellijay, take Hy. 52 & 76 westward,
travel approximately 6 miles, turn to right on the Holly Creek
Road, go to top of the mountain, turn right. Travel approximately
8 miles to Ranger Cleo Andrew's home, where permits may be
Wednesdays and Thursdays: May 5 & 6. 12 & 13, 19 & 20, 26 & 27,
June 2 & 3, 9 & 10, 16 & 17, 23 & 24, September 1 & 2.
Saturdays and Sundays: July 3 & 4, 7 & 8, 14 & 15, 21 & 22, 28 & 29,
31, August 1, 7 & 8, 14 & 15, 21 & 22. 28 & 29.
Directions from Atlanta: Go to Ellijay. take Hy. 52 westward, travel
about 6 miles, turn to right on Holly Creek Road, to the top of
mountain, turn left where sign directs to Conasauga and go to
Betty's Cabin, where permits may be bought from Ranger Clyde
LAKE RUSSELL MANAGEMENT AREA (No permit required)
May 5. 8 & 9, 12, 15 & 16, 19, 22 & 23, 26, 29 & 30.
June 2, 5 & 6, 9, 12 & 13, 16, 19 & 20, 23, 26 & 27, 30.
July 3 & 4, 7, 10 & 11, 14, 17 & 18. 21, 24 & 25, 28. 31.
August 4. 7 & 8. 11, 14 & 15, 18, 21 & 22, 25, 28 & 29.
September 1. 4, 5 & 6, 8, 11 & 12, 15, 18 & 19, 22, 25 & 26, 29.
No permit required. (Warm water fish) Fishing from sun-up until
sundown only. Directions from Atlanta: Go to Cornelia, take the
road to the right, at Cornelia's swimming pool, and follow to
Permits and Fees: A special permit costing $1 per day per person,
regardless of age, is necessary in addition to a regular State
Fishing license. State license is unnecessary for children under
16 years of age or for a person fishing with earthworms in his
county of residence. Permits are valid only on specified streams,
and open portions of tributaries thereof, and on date for which
Fishermen must obtain license and permit before tiny begin fishing.
Permits can be obtained from the Wildlife Rangers on the areas
Persons found fishing without first obtaining permits will be liable
for legal action.
Gate at Cooper's Gap will be open at 1 :00 p. m. on day preceding each
open period so that fishermen may enter in the Blue Ridge Man-
agement Area for camping.
Manner of Fishing: Fish may be taken only with rod and line. Any
type of bait or lure may be used. Each permittee shall have in
use at any one time on the area not more than "in- rod and line.
held in hand.
Edmundson Pond will be reserved for the exclusive fishing usi of
women, children under 16, and physically handicapped persons.
Fishing Time: Fishing shall be permitted only between the hours of
daylight and sundown of the same day.
Creel Limit: The maximum catch in any day and the maximum
number in possession of one person shall not exceed ten fish of
any one or all species, of any size.
Creel Census: Each trout fisherman must leave his fishing license at
checking station to be held until his return, at which time the
fishing license will be returned to the owner. The purpose of this
is to obtain a creel census from every fisherman, so we may know
when to restock the stream or streams for the benefit of the
fishermen. From a creel census other information will be ob-
tained, such as. the number of hatchery-reared, and the number
of native-reared trout that have been captured. This and other
information is needed in formulating stocking lists.
FOR OTHER INFORMATION ask your Wildlife Ranger in thi
whom you will find courteous and helpful at all times.